Managing Household Hazardous Wastes

Household Hazardous Waste Statutes and Regulations
Scale

California Health and Safety Code (HSC), Division 20, Chapter 6.5, Article 10.8., Sections 25218.12 establishes the authority and basic operating requirements for public agency collection and management of household hazardous waste. Regulatory standards for the management of household hazardous waste and authorization requirements for collection are available at the following links:

Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations Chapters 23 and 45. 

Chapter 6.5 Section 25218 of the Health and Safety Code

Local HHW Programs

HHW must be managed in accordance with state hazardous waste laws.  In general, these laws require that hazardous wastes be disposed of at permitted treatment, storage, and disposal facilities (TSDF) or a recycling facility as appropriate.  These laws further require that hazardous waste be transported by a registered hazardous waste transporter and that the waste is identified on a hazardous waste manifest.

Books and Judges Mallet

Because Local agencies are assumed to have close control over the handling of HHW, California Hazardous Waste Law provides several management requirements for HHW generators and establishes a streamlined permitting process for HHW Collection Facilities. 

Reduced management requirements provided to households include:

  • Households are not required to have an EPA identification number (CCR, Title 22, 66262.12)
  • Households may self-transport up to 5 gallons or 50 pounds  of HHW to an approved HHW Collection Facility.  The local administering agency may elect to increase this quantity under specified conditions, to 15 gallons or 125 pounds (HSC 25218-5.1)
  • Households are not required to use a Hazardous Waste Manifest when they self transport HHW to an approved HHW Collection Facility (HSC25218)
 
Funding
 

Piggy Bank and money

HHW collection programs are funded by a variety of state and local sources.  Funding in the form of grants is available from the Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery (CalRecycle).  In general, funds are derived from tipping fees charged at landfills for the disposal of solid wastes.  The collection and appropriate management of HHW is a significant commitment.  Local agencies must balance community need and available funding in choosing the most effective HHW program type for their community.