SSFL Interim Measures
Several interim measures have been conducted at the SSFL site. For detailed information on each Interim Measure, see below.
Former Sodium Disposal Facility
In 1999, DTSC directed Boeing to remove soils contaminated with dioxin, PCBs, solvents and other waste at the Former Sodium Disposal Facility (FSDF) also known as the Former Sodium Burn Pit. The contamination in soil remained a source for potential movement to surrounding areas and to groundwater in the bedrock. In 2000, over 14,000 cubic yards of contaminated soils were to bedrock from this area.
Following removal of the soils, the exposed bedrock surfaces were swept and vacuumed clean and mapped for fractures and chemical residues. A DTSC geologist collected samples to confirm that soil and bedrock were remediated to the required health-based cleanup levels prior to installation of a clay backfill cap.
DTSC will continue to monitor the cap’s effectiveness and will share any results from the monitoring as they are available.
2003 - Happy Valley Perchlorate Excavation and Biodegredation at Building 359
This Interim Measure included two major activities: 1) removal and restoration of soils, sediment and bedrock containing perchlorate, and in some cases, metals; and 2) biotreatment of the excavated soils containing perchlorate at the Building 359 Area. Happy Valley and Building 359 are located in the east-central portion of Area I.
Excavation of soils that contained metals and perchlorate were completed in October 2003, re-contouring of soils, implementation of erosion control measures and restoration of vegetation in the Happy Valley Drainage were completed in January 2004. The biotreatment of perchlorate in soils began in Fall 2004.
The Happy Valley site was used for solid propellant research, testing and gun propellant testing between the 1950s and 1993. The primary use of perchlorate at the Happy Valley site occurred in the 1960s in support of flare research, development and production for the military, as well as for rocket propellant research and testing activities during the 1970s through 1993. Additional perchlorate use occurred in the northern portion of Happy Valley, where turbine spinners were tested in the 1950s.
1999 - Interim Measures at Happy Valley and Building 359
The primary purpose of the 1999 interim measures at Happy Valley was to identify and remove suspect explosives and/or ordnance items from soil and sediment in the Building 359 and Happy Valley Areas. The Interim Measures were conducted in accordance with DTSC-approved work plans. The scope included screening the subsurface for metallic objects, and then removing and sifting soil where metallic debris was present. The primary soil/debris removal area was south of Building 372, within the upper reach of the Happy Valley Drainage. Approximately 1,800 cubic yards of soil/debris were removed during the 1999 Interim Measures.
To learn more, please visit the Interim Measures Documents or Photos page under the Document Library on this Web site.
Radiological and Chemical Background Study
In November 2009, DTSC released a Draft Consent Order for Response Action. The draft order was developed following extensive public comment and included a requirement that DOE, NASA and Boeing conduct a chemical background study that will include a study of radiation on the site using data from the U.S. EPA radiological background study. The comprehensive radiological study will include a historical site assessment and address not only the 290 acres of Area IV (the property used by DOE), but the 182 acres of undeveloped land and drainage areas that originate from Area IV, and any other downstream areas potentially impacted by DOE activities in Area IV.
The Draft Consent Order has not been agreed to by DOE, NASA or Boeing, and is the subject of a lawsuit filed by Boeing. To find out more about the lawsuit click here.